Far Removed from Love of Wealth

Muhammad (s.a.a.w.) was the most far removed among his people from the love of money or wealth. He encouraged his followers to be industrious, make an honest living and discouraged them from seeking charity. He did not condemn wealth and the wealthy, however, he feared for his followers and encouraged them to not allow it to corrupt them or obsess them.

Muhammad (pbuh) himself could have been the most wealthy man in the history of Arabia, however, he preferred to live simply and use his wealth in that which pleased God. As the leader of the Islamic nation, he received great wealth, however, he hated for this wealth to remain in his home for more than a day without having distributed it in charity. At times he would distribute tens or hundreds of thousands of "dinars" at a time as soon as he received them. He lived according to his sayings:

"O my Lord, indeed, true life is only the afterlife" and "What have I to do with this life? The similitude of me and this life is as a traveler who stopped to take shelter in the shade of a tree and then arose and left it"

Urwah narrated that Aisha (the wife of Muhammad, pbuh) said to me,

"O my nephew! We used to see the crescent, and then the crescent, and then the crescent, in this way we saw three crescents in two months and no fire (for cooking) used to be lit in the houses of Allah's Messenger (pbuh). I said, "O my aunt! Then what use to sustain you?" Aisha said, "[These two]: dates and water." (Narrated by Al-Bukhari)

Abu Tharr narrated that Allah's Messenger (pbuh) said,

"If I had gold equal to the mountain of Uhud, it would not please me that any of it should remain with me after three nights (i.e. I would spend all of it in Allah's cause) except what I would keep for repaying debts." (Narrated by Al-Bukhari)

Jabir ibn Abdullah narrated:

"The messenger of Allah was never asked for something and then he said 'no' (he never refused a request)" (Narrated by Al-Bukhari)

 Reference url: http://wings.buffalo.edu/sa/muslim/library/jesus-say/ch9.html

Muhammad the Prophet by Prof. K. S. Ramakrishna Rao

By Prof. K. S. Ramakrishna Rao, Head of the Department of Philosophy,

Government College for Women University of Mysore, Mandya-571401 (Karnatika).

Re-printed from "Islam and Modern age", Hydrabad, March 1978.

In the desert of Arabia was Mohammad born, according to Muslim historians, on April 20, 571. The name means highly praised. He is to me the greatest mind among all the sons of Arabia. He means so much more than all the poets and kings that preceded him in that impenetrable desert of red sand.

When he appeared Arabia was a desert -- a nothing. Out of nothing a new world was fashioned by the mighty spirit of Mohammad -- a new life, a new culture, a new civilization, a new kingdom which extended from Morocco to Indies and influenced the thought and life of three continents -- Asia, Africa and Europe.

When I thought of writing on Mohammad the prophet, I was a bit hesitant because it was to write about a religion I do not profess and it is a delicate matter to do so for there are many persons professing various religions and belonging to diverse school of thought and denominations even in same religion. Though it is sometimes, claimed that religion is entirely personal yet it can not be gain-said that it has a tendency to envelop the whole universe seen as well unseen. It somehow permeates something or other our hearts, our souls, our minds their conscious as well as subconscious and unconscious levels too. The problem assumes overwhelming importance when there is a deep conviction that our past, present and future all hang by the soft delicate, tender silked cord. If we further happen to be highly sensitive, the center of gravity is very likely to be always in a state of extreme tension. Looked at from this point of view, the less said about other religion the better. Let our religions be deeply hidden and embedded in the resistance of our innermost hearts fortified by unbroken seals on our lips.

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Bearer of good news and a Warner

 Allah T'ala says in the Holy Quran:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ شَاهِدًا وَمُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا
 
(33:45) O Prophet, We have sent you as a witness, a bearer of good news and a warner.
 One should note that a person's giving the good news of a good end for belief and righteous acts and the warning of an evil end for disbelief and evil acts, in his personal capacity, is a different thing, and another's being appointed by Allah as a bearer of the good news and a warner is quite another thing. The one who is appointed to this office by Allah necessarily possesses an authority to give the good news and administer the warnings due to which his good news and his warnings are invested with legality. His giving a good news for an act has the meaning that the Greatest of alI Judges, Who has sent him, approves of the act and holds it worthy of a reward; so, it is certainly imperative or obligatory or commendable in nature, and its doer will surely get a reward. On the other hand, his giving a warning of an evil end for an act has the meaning that the Sovereign forbids that act; so, it is certainly sinful and unlawful, and its doer will surely be punished. The good news and warnings of the one who is not divinely appointed cannot ever be invested with such an authority. 

The Best in Morals and Manners


 

Speaking about Prophet Muhammad (s.a.a.w.), Allah T'ala says in the Holy Quran:


وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ
“Indeed you stand on an exalted standard of character.” (Al-Qalam 68:4)

 

Morality is an important aspect of Islam. In the Islamic terminology it is called “khuluq” and its plural is “akhlaq”. There are two aspects of a human being: one is “khalq” that is the physical aspect and the appearance. The other is “khuluq” and that is character, behavior and inner dispositions. Islam emphasizes that we take care of our physical appearance by keeping it clean, properly covered, healthy and nourished with Halal food and drinks. In a similar way it tells us that we should take care of our character and behavior.

 

قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَجْوَدَ النَّاسِ وَأَجْوَدُ مَا يَكُونُ فِي رَمَضَانَ وَقَالَ أَبُو ذَرٍّ لَمَّا بَلَغَهُ مَبْعَثُ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ لِأَخِيهِ ارْكَبْ إِلَى هَذَا الْوَادِي فَاسْمَعْ مِنْ قَوْلِهِ فَرَجَعَ فَقَالَ رَأَيْتُهُ يَأْمُرُ بِمَكَارِمِ الْأَخْلَاقِ (البخاري )

 

Ibn ‘Abbas reports that the Prophet -peace be upon him- was the most generous person. He used to become even more generous in Ramadan. And Abu Dharr said that when he heard about the coming of the Prophet -peace be upon him- he said to his brother, ‘Go to this valley and hear his words.’ He returned and said to him, ‘I saw him commanding people about the noblest morals and manners.’ (Al-Bukhari)

 

The Prophet was sent by Allah to teach the humanity the noblest morals (makarim al-akhlaq). He said,


عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَكْمَلُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِيمَانًا أَحْسَنُهُمْ خُلُقًا وَخِيَارُكُمْ خِيَارُكُمْ لِنِسَائِهِمْ خُلُقًا (الترمذى

 

“The most perfect believer in faith is the one who is best in moral character. The best of you are those who are the best to their spouses in manners.” (al-Tirmidhi 1082)


عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ يُدْرِكُ بِحُسْنِ خُلُقِهِ دَرَجَاتِ قَائِمِ اللَّيْلِ صَائِمِ النَّهَارِ (مسند أحمد

 

‘Aishah -may Allah be pleased with her- said, “I heard the Prophet -peace be upon him- say, ‘Indeed the believer by his good morals reaches the ranks of those who spend the whole night in prayer and whole day in fasting. (Musnad Ahmad, 23219)


عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ مَا مِنْ شَيْءٍ يُوضَعُ فِي الْمِيزَانِ أَثْقَلُ مِنْ حُسْنِ الْخُلُقِ وَإِنَّ صَاحِبَ حُسْنِ الْخُلُقِ لَيَبْلُغُ بِهِ دَرَجَةَ صَاحِبِ الصَّوْمِ وَالصَّلَاةِ (الترمذي


Abu al-Darda’ reports that I heard the Prophet -peace be upon him- say, “There is nothing in the Balance heavier than the good morals. Indeed the person of good morals will reach by them the rank of the person of fasts and prayers.” (al-Tirmidhi 1926)

 

There are many Ahadith that indicate the high place of morals and manners in Islam. The good morals and manners should be observed in one’s personal life as well as in one’s relations with others.


Some Ahadith on Islamic manners:
 

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ الْمُسْلِمُ مَنْ سَلِمَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ مِنْ لِسَانِهِ وَيَدِهِ وَالْمُهَاجِرُ مَنْ هَجَرَ مَا نَهَى اللَّهُ عَنْهُ )البخاري

 

“The Muslim is he/she from whose hand and tongue other Muslims are safe and Muhajir is he/she who leaves what Allah has forbidden.” (al-Bukahri 9)


حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ عَنْ أَنَسٍ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ لَا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لِأَخِيهِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ (البخاري


“None of you will be a believer until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.” (al-Bukhari 12)


عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ لَا يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ مَنْ لَا يَأْمَنُ جَارُهُ بَوَائِقَهُ (مسلم


“He will not enter heaven whose neighbor is not safe from his troubles.” (Muslim 66)


عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْإِيمَانُ بِضْعٌ وَسَبْعُونَ أَوْ بِضْعٌ وَسِتُّونَ شُعْبَةً فَأَفْضَلُهَا قَوْلُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَدْنَاهَا إِمَاطَةُ الْأَذَى عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ وَالْحَيَاءُ شُعْبَةٌ مِنْ الْإِيمَانِ (مسلم


Faith has more than seventy branches (or he said more than sixty branches). The supreme branch is the statement that ‘There is no god except Allah’ and the lowest branch is the removal of obstacles from the path. The modesty is a branch of faith.” (Muslim 51)


These issues are not small; they are very important. No macro change can come without the micro change. Bad manners have sometimes drastic social affects.


Some of you may have heard of some interesting research on crime, called the “broken window” effect. Two researchers did the following test. They put one car in the poorer areas of New York, with the hood open. They put another car in a really affluent suburb in California. The car in New York got pulled to pieces within 24 hours. The car in California remained untouched for two weeks. Then one of the researchers smashed one window in the car and within a day, the car ended up like the one in New York.


They concluded that by breaking the window on the car, they essentially marked the car as “neglected” and thus people thought of it as “fair game”, even though it was in a good neighbourhood. Similarly, the authors concluded, if you allow little things to get away, like the breaking of windows, unless the window gets fixed very soon, all the windows get smashed.


Three years ago, in New York, they had a new police commissioner. He decided to implement this idea, by ensuring that the police no longer just attack the big issues, the homicides, the car stealings, the breaking and entering; but also the little things, like making sure streets were clean, fixing broken windows. The net effect? Crime rates in New York, formerly one of the world's crime centres, fell by almost one third in three years. Why does this work? By taking care of the little things, you give people a sense of security.


We observe good morals and manners to obey Allah and His Messenger. This is part of our faith. Our faith leads to good morals and manners and they in their turn reinforce our faith. On the other hand, we should also keep in mind the best da’wah is to live among people with good morals and manners. Before listening to our message people see us and our behavior. Non-Muslims sometimes say when they see the bad example of Muslims, “If your religion has not made you a good person, how can it be a good religion for us.” We have a big responsibility and we must take our actions seriously.


Reference url: http://www.isna.net/services/library/khutbahs/MoralsandMannersinIslam.html
Khutbah at ISOC - 24 Shawwal 1421/ January 19, 2001 By Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqi

Asmaul Husna in a tabular form

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وَلِلّهِ الأَسْمَاء الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا وَذَرُواْ الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَآئِهِ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ

AL-ASMA-UL-HUSNA (THE BEAUTIFUL NAMES OF GOD)

The most beautiful names belong to God, so call on Him thereby. (7:180)
Those who believe, and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance of GOD, for without doubt in the remembrance of God do hearts find satisfaction. (13:28)

AllahThe God. The only one Almighty. He alone is worthy of worship.Al-MubdiThe Originator. He who creates all creatures initially without matter or model.
Al-AdlThe Just. He who is Equitable.Al-MughniThe Enricher. The Sufficer.
Al-AakhirThe Last.Al-MuhayminThe Guardian. He who watches over and protects all things. (Helper in Peril)
Al-AfuThe Pardoner. He who pardons all who sincerely repents.Al-MuhsiThe Appraiser. He who knows the number of every single thing in existence, even to infinity.
Al-AlimThe Knower of All. He who has full knowledge of all things.Al-Mu'idThe Restorer. He who recreates His creatures after He has annihilated them.
Al-AhadThe One. The only one.Al-Mu'izzThe Bestower of Honors. He who confers honor and dignity.
Al-AwwalThe First.Al-MujibThe Responder to Prayer. He who grants the wishes who appeals to him.
Al-AzizThe Mighty & Strong.Al-MuqitThe Nourisher. He who gives every creature it's sustenance.
Al-AzeemThe Magnificent. The Most High. He who is Most Splendid.Al-MuqaddimThe Expediter. He who brings forward whatever He wills (Forewarner).
Al-BadiThe Incomparable. He who is without model or match, and who brings into being worlds of amazing wonder.Al-MuqsitThe Equitable One. He who does everything with proper balance and harmony.
Al-Ba'ithThe Resurrector. He who brings the dead to life, and raises them from their tombs.Al-MuqtadirThe Creator of All Power. He who disposes at His will even of the strongest and mightiest of His creatures.
Al-BaqiThe Everlasting One. Eternal (in the future).Al-MumitThe Taker of Life. He who creates the death of a living creature.
Al-BariThe Maker of Order (Skilled Worker). O Evolver who created all things so that each whole and its parts are in perfect conformity and harmony.Al-MuntaqimThe Avenger. He who justly inflicts upon wrongdoers the punishment they deserve.
Al-BarrSource of all Goodness. He who treats His servants tolerantly, and whose goodness and kindness are very great indeed.Al-MusawwirThe Shaper of Beauty. He who designs all things, giving each its particular form and character (Sculptor).
Al-BasirThe All-Seeing. To those who invoke this Name one hundred times between the obligatory and customary prayers in Friday congregation, Allah grants esteem in the eyes of others.Al-Muta'aliThe Supreme One. He is exalted in every respect, far beyond anything the mind could possibly attribute to His creatures.
Al-BasitThe Reliever (Uncloser). He who releases, letting things expand.Al-MutakabbirThe Majestic. He who demonstrates His greatness in all things and in all ways.
Al-BatinThe Hidden One. He who is hidden, concealed.Al-MudhillThe Humiliator. He who degrades and abases.
Al-DharThe Distresser The Creator of the Harmful. He who creates things that cause pain and injury.An-NafiThe Creator of Good. He who creates things that yields advantages and benefit.
Al-FattahThe Opener. He who opens the solution to all problems and makes things easy.An-NurThe Light. He who gives light to all the worlds, who illuminates the faces, minds and hearts of His servants.
Al-GhaffarThe Forgiving. He who is always ready to forgive.Al-QabidhThe Constrictor. He who constricts and restricts.
Al-GhafurThe Forgiver and Hides Faults.Al-QadirThe All Powerful. He who is Able to do what He wills as He wills (Providence).
Al-GhaniThe Rich one. He who is infinitely rich and completely Independent.Al-QahharThe Subduer. He who dominates all things, and prevails upon them to do whatever He wills (Dominant).
Al-HadiThe Guide. He who provides guidance.Al-QawiThe Most Strong.The Possessor of All Strength.
Al-HafizThe Preserver. He who guards all creatures in every detail.Al-QayyumThe Self-Existing One. He who maintains the heavens, the earth, and everything that exists.
Al-HaiyThe Ever Living One. The living who knows all things and whose strength is sufficient for everything.Al-QuddusThe Pure One. He who is free from all errors.
Al-HakimThe Perfectly Wise. He whose every command and action is pure wisdom.Ar-Rafi'The Exalter. He who raises up.
Al-HakamThe Judge. He who judges and makes right prevails.Ar-RaheemThe All Compassionate. He who acts with extreme kindness.
Al-'AliThe Highest. The Exalted.Ar-RahmanThe All Merciful. He who wills goodness and mercy for all His creatures.
Al-HalimThe Forbearing. He who is Most Clement.Ar-RaqibThe Watchful One.
Al-HamidThe Praisedworthy. All praise belongs to Him, and who alone do the tongues of all creation laud.Ar-RashidThe Righteous Teacher. He who moves all things in accordance with His eternal plan, bringing them without error and with order and wisdom to their ultimate destiny (Unerring).
Al-HaqqThe Truth. He who’s being endures unchangingly.Ar-Ra'ufThe Kind. He who is very compassionate (Indulgent).
Al-HasibThe Accounter. He who knows every details.Ar-RazzaqThe Sustainer. He who provides all things useful to His creatures.
Al-JabbarThe Compelling. He who repairs all broken thing, and completes that which is incomplete.As-SaburThe Patient One. He who is characterized by infinite patience.
Al-JaleelThe Glorious. He who is Lord of Majesty and Grandeur.As-SalaamThe Source of Peace. He who frees His servants from all danger.
Al-JaameThe Gatherer. He who brings together what He wills, when He wills, where He wills.As-SamadThe Eternal. He who is the only recourse for the ending of need and the removal of affliction.
Al-KabirThe Greatest. He who supremely great.As-SamiThe Hearer of All. Allah takes care of all the needs of those who invoke this glorious Name one hundred times.
Al-KarimThe Generous. He whose generosity is most abundant.Ash-ShahidThe Witness. He who is present everywhere and observes all things.
Al-KhabirThe All Aware. He who has the knowledge of inner & most secret aspects of all things.Ash-ShakurThe Rewarder of Thankfulness. He who gratefully rewards good deeds (Appreciator).
Al-KhafidThe Abaser. He who brings down, diminishes.At-TawwabThe Acceptor to Repentance. He who is ever ready to accept repentance and to forgive sins (Relenting).
Al-KhaliqThe Creator. He who brings from non-being into being, creating all things in such a way that He determines their existence and the conditions and events they are to experience.Al-VakilThe Trustee / Guardian. He who manages the affairs of those who duly commit them to His charge, and who looks after them better than they could themselves.
Al-LatifThe Subtle One. He who knows the minutest subtleties of all things.Al-ValiThe Protecting Friend. He who is a nearest friend to His good servants.
Al-MajidThe Majestic One. He whose glory is most great and most high.Al-WahhabThe Giver of All. He who constantly bestows blessings of every kind.
Al-Ma'jidThe Glorious. He, whose dignity and glory are most great, and whose generosity and munificence are bountiful.Al-WahidThe Unique. He who is Single, absolutely without partner or equal in His Essence, Attributes, Actions, Names and Decrees.
Al-MalikThe Absolute Ruler. The Ruler of the entire universe (King of Kings).Al-WajidThe Finder. He who finds what He wishes when He wishes (Perceiving).
Malik-ul-MulkThe Owner of All. The King of the Kingdom.Al-WadudThe Loving One. He who loves His good servants, and bestows his compassion upon them.
Al-Mani'The Preventer of Harm. The Withholder.Al-WaliThe Governor. The Protecting Friend. He who administers this vast universe and all its passing phenomena.
Al-MominThe Inspirer of Faith. He who awakes the light of faith in our hearts.Al-Wasi'The All Comprehending. He who has limitless capacity and abundance.
Al-MateenThe Firm. He who is very steadfast.Al-WarithThe Inheritor of All. He who is the Real Owner of all riches.
Al-MuhyiThe Giver of Life. He who confers life, gives vitality, revives.Az-ZahirThe Manifest One. He who is Evident.
Al-Mu'akhkhirThe Delayer. He who sets back or delays whatever He wills.Zal-Jalali-
Wal-Ikram
The Lord of Majesty and Bounty. He who possesses both greatness and gracious magnanimity.
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Short Quotes

Allah is the Lord

اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ     Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the entire universe.(1:2)
In Arabic the word Rabb has three meanings: (i) Lord and Master; (ii) Sustainer, Provider, Supporter, Nourisher and Guardian, and (iii) Sovereign, Ruler, He Who controls and directs. God is the Rabb of the universe in all three meanings of the term.