The Prophet of Islam by Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah

[Taken from Introduction to Islam by Muhammad Hamidullah (Centre Culturel Islamique, Paris, 1969), with some changes to make it more readable. The changes are marked by pairs of brackets like around this paragraph.]

The Prophet of Islam - His Biography


IN the annals of men, individuals have not been lacking who conspicuously devoted their lives to the socio-religious reform of their connected peoples. We find them in every epoch and in all lands. In India, there lived those who transmitted to the world the Vedas, and there was also the great Gautama Buddha; China had its Confucius; the Avesta was produced in Iran. Babylonia gave to the world one of the greatest reformers, the Prophet Abraham (not to speak of such of his ancestors as Enoch and Noah about whom we have very scanty information). The Jewish people may rightly be proud of a long series of reformers: Moses, Samuel, David, Solomon, and Jesus among others.

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The Similitude with which Allah has sent him


THE SIMILITUDE WITH WHICH ALLAH'S APOSTLE (MAY PEACE BE UPON HIM) HAS BEEN SENT WITH GUIDANCE AND KNOWLEDGE

Abu Musa reported Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: The similitude of that guidance and knowledge with which Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, has sent me is that of rain falling upon the earth. There is a good piece of land which receives the rainfall (eagerly) and as a result of it there is grown in it herbage and grass abundantly. Then there is a land hard and barren which retains water and the people derive benefit from it and they drink it and make the animals drink. Then there is another land which is barren. Neither water is retained in it, nor is the grass grown in it. And that is the similitude of the first one who develops the understanding of the religion of Allah and it becomes a source of benefit to him with which Allah sent me. (The second one is that) who acquires the knowledge of religion and imparts it to others. (Then the other type is) one who does not pay attention to (the revealed knowledge) and thus does not accept guidance of Allah with which I have been sent. (Muslim, Book 030, Number 5668)

Rights of Neighbors in Islam

Allah, the Exalted, says:

"Worship Allah and join none with Him (in worship); and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess.'' (4:36)

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The Holy Quran on Muhammad (s.a.a.w.)


Some selected verses from the Holy Qur'an about his life, status, morals and manners

compiled by Siddiq Osman Noormuhammad

On one occasion when mother of the faithful, Aisha (radi-Allah Anha) was asked about the morals and manners of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.), she replied: "His morals are the Qur'an." This meant that the Holy Prophet's actions and sayings were a practical commentary of the Holy Qur'an, or, in other words, the Holy Prophet was the embodiment of action based upon the Holy Qur'an.

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Asmaul Husna in a tabular form

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وَلِلّهِ الأَسْمَاء الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا وَذَرُواْ الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَآئِهِ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ

AL-ASMA-UL-HUSNA (THE BEAUTIFUL NAMES OF GOD)

The most beautiful names belong to God, so call on Him thereby. (7:180)
Those who believe, and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance of GOD, for without doubt in the remembrance of God do hearts find satisfaction. (13:28)

AllahThe God. The only one Almighty. He alone is worthy of worship.Al-MubdiThe Originator. He who creates all creatures initially without matter or model.
Al-AdlThe Just. He who is Equitable.Al-MughniThe Enricher. The Sufficer.
Al-AakhirThe Last.Al-MuhayminThe Guardian. He who watches over and protects all things. (Helper in Peril)
Al-AfuThe Pardoner. He who pardons all who sincerely repents.Al-MuhsiThe Appraiser. He who knows the number of every single thing in existence, even to infinity.
Al-AlimThe Knower of All. He who has full knowledge of all things.Al-Mu'idThe Restorer. He who recreates His creatures after He has annihilated them.
Al-AhadThe One. The only one.Al-Mu'izzThe Bestower of Honors. He who confers honor and dignity.
Al-AwwalThe First.Al-MujibThe Responder to Prayer. He who grants the wishes who appeals to him.
Al-AzizThe Mighty & Strong.Al-MuqitThe Nourisher. He who gives every creature it's sustenance.
Al-AzeemThe Magnificent. The Most High. He who is Most Splendid.Al-MuqaddimThe Expediter. He who brings forward whatever He wills (Forewarner).
Al-BadiThe Incomparable. He who is without model or match, and who brings into being worlds of amazing wonder.Al-MuqsitThe Equitable One. He who does everything with proper balance and harmony.
Al-Ba'ithThe Resurrector. He who brings the dead to life, and raises them from their tombs.Al-MuqtadirThe Creator of All Power. He who disposes at His will even of the strongest and mightiest of His creatures.
Al-BaqiThe Everlasting One. Eternal (in the future).Al-MumitThe Taker of Life. He who creates the death of a living creature.
Al-BariThe Maker of Order (Skilled Worker). O Evolver who created all things so that each whole and its parts are in perfect conformity and harmony.Al-MuntaqimThe Avenger. He who justly inflicts upon wrongdoers the punishment they deserve.
Al-BarrSource of all Goodness. He who treats His servants tolerantly, and whose goodness and kindness are very great indeed.Al-MusawwirThe Shaper of Beauty. He who designs all things, giving each its particular form and character (Sculptor).
Al-BasirThe All-Seeing. To those who invoke this Name one hundred times between the obligatory and customary prayers in Friday congregation, Allah grants esteem in the eyes of others.Al-Muta'aliThe Supreme One. He is exalted in every respect, far beyond anything the mind could possibly attribute to His creatures.
Al-BasitThe Reliever (Uncloser). He who releases, letting things expand.Al-MutakabbirThe Majestic. He who demonstrates His greatness in all things and in all ways.
Al-BatinThe Hidden One. He who is hidden, concealed.Al-MudhillThe Humiliator. He who degrades and abases.
Al-DharThe Distresser The Creator of the Harmful. He who creates things that cause pain and injury.An-NafiThe Creator of Good. He who creates things that yields advantages and benefit.
Al-FattahThe Opener. He who opens the solution to all problems and makes things easy.An-NurThe Light. He who gives light to all the worlds, who illuminates the faces, minds and hearts of His servants.
Al-GhaffarThe Forgiving. He who is always ready to forgive.Al-QabidhThe Constrictor. He who constricts and restricts.
Al-GhafurThe Forgiver and Hides Faults.Al-QadirThe All Powerful. He who is Able to do what He wills as He wills (Providence).
Al-GhaniThe Rich one. He who is infinitely rich and completely Independent.Al-QahharThe Subduer. He who dominates all things, and prevails upon them to do whatever He wills (Dominant).
Al-HadiThe Guide. He who provides guidance.Al-QawiThe Most Strong.The Possessor of All Strength.
Al-HafizThe Preserver. He who guards all creatures in every detail.Al-QayyumThe Self-Existing One. He who maintains the heavens, the earth, and everything that exists.
Al-HaiyThe Ever Living One. The living who knows all things and whose strength is sufficient for everything.Al-QuddusThe Pure One. He who is free from all errors.
Al-HakimThe Perfectly Wise. He whose every command and action is pure wisdom.Ar-Rafi'The Exalter. He who raises up.
Al-HakamThe Judge. He who judges and makes right prevails.Ar-RaheemThe All Compassionate. He who acts with extreme kindness.
Al-'AliThe Highest. The Exalted.Ar-RahmanThe All Merciful. He who wills goodness and mercy for all His creatures.
Al-HalimThe Forbearing. He who is Most Clement.Ar-RaqibThe Watchful One.
Al-HamidThe Praisedworthy. All praise belongs to Him, and who alone do the tongues of all creation laud.Ar-RashidThe Righteous Teacher. He who moves all things in accordance with His eternal plan, bringing them without error and with order and wisdom to their ultimate destiny (Unerring).
Al-HaqqThe Truth. He who’s being endures unchangingly.Ar-Ra'ufThe Kind. He who is very compassionate (Indulgent).
Al-HasibThe Accounter. He who knows every details.Ar-RazzaqThe Sustainer. He who provides all things useful to His creatures.
Al-JabbarThe Compelling. He who repairs all broken thing, and completes that which is incomplete.As-SaburThe Patient One. He who is characterized by infinite patience.
Al-JaleelThe Glorious. He who is Lord of Majesty and Grandeur.As-SalaamThe Source of Peace. He who frees His servants from all danger.
Al-JaameThe Gatherer. He who brings together what He wills, when He wills, where He wills.As-SamadThe Eternal. He who is the only recourse for the ending of need and the removal of affliction.
Al-KabirThe Greatest. He who supremely great.As-SamiThe Hearer of All. Allah takes care of all the needs of those who invoke this glorious Name one hundred times.
Al-KarimThe Generous. He whose generosity is most abundant.Ash-ShahidThe Witness. He who is present everywhere and observes all things.
Al-KhabirThe All Aware. He who has the knowledge of inner & most secret aspects of all things.Ash-ShakurThe Rewarder of Thankfulness. He who gratefully rewards good deeds (Appreciator).
Al-KhafidThe Abaser. He who brings down, diminishes.At-TawwabThe Acceptor to Repentance. He who is ever ready to accept repentance and to forgive sins (Relenting).
Al-KhaliqThe Creator. He who brings from non-being into being, creating all things in such a way that He determines their existence and the conditions and events they are to experience.Al-VakilThe Trustee / Guardian. He who manages the affairs of those who duly commit them to His charge, and who looks after them better than they could themselves.
Al-LatifThe Subtle One. He who knows the minutest subtleties of all things.Al-ValiThe Protecting Friend. He who is a nearest friend to His good servants.
Al-MajidThe Majestic One. He whose glory is most great and most high.Al-WahhabThe Giver of All. He who constantly bestows blessings of every kind.
Al-Ma'jidThe Glorious. He, whose dignity and glory are most great, and whose generosity and munificence are bountiful.Al-WahidThe Unique. He who is Single, absolutely without partner or equal in His Essence, Attributes, Actions, Names and Decrees.
Al-MalikThe Absolute Ruler. The Ruler of the entire universe (King of Kings).Al-WajidThe Finder. He who finds what He wishes when He wishes (Perceiving).
Malik-ul-MulkThe Owner of All. The King of the Kingdom.Al-WadudThe Loving One. He who loves His good servants, and bestows his compassion upon them.
Al-Mani'The Preventer of Harm. The Withholder.Al-WaliThe Governor. The Protecting Friend. He who administers this vast universe and all its passing phenomena.
Al-MominThe Inspirer of Faith. He who awakes the light of faith in our hearts.Al-Wasi'The All Comprehending. He who has limitless capacity and abundance.
Al-MateenThe Firm. He who is very steadfast.Al-WarithThe Inheritor of All. He who is the Real Owner of all riches.
Al-MuhyiThe Giver of Life. He who confers life, gives vitality, revives.Az-ZahirThe Manifest One. He who is Evident.
Al-Mu'akhkhirThe Delayer. He who sets back or delays whatever He wills.Zal-Jalali-
Wal-Ikram
The Lord of Majesty and Bounty. He who possesses both greatness and gracious magnanimity.
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Short Quotes

Prophet for all humanity

قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ جَمِيعًا الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ يُحْيِـي وَيُمِيتُ فَآمِنُواْ بِاللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ النَّبِيِّ الأُمِّيِّ الَّذِي يُؤْمِنُ بِاللّهِ وَكَلِمَاتِهِ وَاتَّبِعُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ
(7:158) [Say, O Muhammad]: 'O men! I am Allah's Messenger to you all - of Him to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no god but He. He grants life and deals death. Have faith then, in Allah and in His Messenger, the ummi Prophet who believes in Allah and His words; and follow him so that you may be guided aright.'